Routing

Keyword:

– meroute packet

– layer 3

– IP Address

– Port (layer atasnya)

– protokol routing saling bertukar paket informasi routing dari satu router ke router lain

– informasi routing tersebut digunakan sebagai acuan untuk mengirim paket sampai ke tujuan.

isi sebuah routing itu: tujuan networknya apa->next hop address->interface(cisco)

untuk menjalankan fungsi routing, router membutuhkan informasi:

– address tujuan

– sumber informasi routing

– kemungkinan2 route

– route terbaik

untuk menampilkan tabel routing

# show IP Route

tipe2 routing:

– routing statik

– routing dinamis (alasan scalability dan memudahkan administrasi)

konfigurasi routing statik:

(config)#ip route network [mask]

{address | interface} [distance] [permanent]

————————–lanjutan

klo statik tu cuma buat gateway nya

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 nexthopaddr/exitinterface -> default gateway

Autonomous System:

OSPF bwt intra, EGB (eg. BGP) bwt inter

Tipe2 protokol Routing

– Distance Vector (RIP)

– Hybrid Routing

– Link State

Classfull routing vs Classless Routing

yang biasa dipake classless, contoh: RIPv2, EIGRP,OSPF,IS-IS

Konfigurasi RIPv1

(config)#router rip

(config)$network ipnetwork

bwt cek

#show running-config

#show ip protocol

#show ip route

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